The Council consists of:
- The President of the Council;
- The Honorary President;
- The Official of the Department of Foreign Affairs responsible for the Communities, who has a consultative and executive role;
- The Presidents of the legally recognised Communities;
- The representatives of the legally recognised Communities (1 for the Communities with 1 to 500 members, 2 for the Communities with 501 to 800 members and 3 for the Communities with more than 800 members).
At the invitation of the President, the members of the Government and of the Great and General Council, the diplomatic and consular representatives of the Republic, the representatives of political parties and any other interested person may attend the meetings of the Council, but without the right to vote.
The decisions of the Assembly are taken by a simple majority of those present and the meetings are validly held when at least a relative majority of the Communities is present.
The Concluding Statement is the document adopted at the end of the Council meeting, on which the Government and the Permanent Parliamentary Commission for Foreign Affairs are required to express their opinions, to be discussed by the following Council.
The works and operations of the Council are governed by internal Regulations, while the organisational and economic modalities of travel and stays in San Marino of the participants in the Council meetings are governed by specific Regulations adopted by the Government.